Image E. Jablonski. Quercus shumardii var. Quercus shumardii Buckley (Quercia di Shumard) Dipartimento di Scienze della Vita, Università di Trieste - Progetto Dryades - Picture by Andrea Moro - Meise, Nationale Plantentuin van België, Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Brabant, Belgique/België, - Image licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share-Alike 3.0 License stenocarpa Laughlin was described from several trees in Missouri and Illinois having ellipsoid acorns that were covered less than one-third their length by very small (5.5-7 mm high × 12.5-18 mm wide), shallow cups (K. Laughlin 1969). All Images Enlarge Image. Contributing Institution NMNH - Botany Dept. Created Date 20 Oct 1938. Acad. Acad. Acad. Quercus shumardii, the Shumard oak, spotted oak, Schneck oak, Shumard red oak, or swamp red oak, is one of the largest of the oak species in the red oak group (Quercus section Lobatae). Nat. stenocarpa Laughlin, Shumard oak Shumard oak forms hybrids with at least nine other species of oaks [11,25,45]. Citation: QUERCUS SHUMARDII Buckley, Proc. This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. Quercus shumardii Buckley, var. The Mystery Oak: Quercus shumardii Buckley at Buckhorn Island P. M. Eckel, Buffalo Museum of Science, June 19, 2002 Just last year (2001) in a fine floristic evaluation of a native wetland woods located in Niagara County (North Tonawanda), New York published in Clintonia by Shawn McCourt, provi- Nat. shumardii Buckley Taxonomic Serial No. Distribution USA: Oklahoma, Texas. Leaves deciduous, 5.5–10 × 5–11 cm, broadly elliptic to obovate or almost circular, glabrous, upper surface glossy green, lower surface coppery green, with tufts of hair in the vein axils, three to four secondary veins on each side of the midrib, margins with five to nine deeply divided lobes, lobes largely triangular, expanding and terminating in spiny bristles (12–35 in total), apex acute to acuminate; petiole 2–4.5 cm long, glabrous. Shumard Oak (Quercus shumardii) Plantae>Magnoliophyta>Magnoliopsida>Fagales>Fagaceae>Quercus shumardii Buckley. The New York Flora Atlas is a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state, as well as information on plant habitats, associated ecological communities, and taxonomy. Quercus shumardii. In summer the comparatively small leaves are a dull mid-green, with a red petiole. View Full Item. Quercus shumardii Buckley. Quercus buckleyi is frequently confused with Q. texana Buckley and several other Texan red oaks. Locality: USA. [6], Buckley's oak is smaller and more likely to be multitrunked than its close relative, the Shumard oak (Quercus shumardii). comm. Comm., 1997. The Plants Database includes the following 3 subspecies of Quercus shumardii . Typification of the oak, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-4.RLTS.T34030A2841110.en, World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Horticulture, Texas A&M University, Texas Red Oak, Texas Red Oak at the Oklahoma Biological Survey, Texas Red Oak images at Central Texas Plants (University of Texas),, Flora of the Great Plains (North America), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 16 October 2020, at 16:35. Shumard Oak Fagaceae Beech family M. B. Edwards Shumard oak (Quercus shumardii) is one of the largest southern red oaks. Sci. In addition, users can learn about the location of vouchered specimens and see images to get a better visual for each plant. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Acorn broadly ovoid to ellipsoid, one-third to half of its length enclosed in the cupule, 1.2–1.9 cm long, stylopodium may be surrounded by several rings. Quercus shumardii Buckley : Herbarium Name Used: Quercus shumardii Buckl. It grows reasonably well in the United Kingdom, a specimen at the Hillier Gardens having reached over 10 m in height (date of planting unknown, but prior to 1976). Accessed 2020-11-30. Cupule cup- or goblet-shaped, 1–1.8 × 0.5–1.2 cm, outer surface glabrous, inner surface glabrous but for a few hairs on acorn scar; scales acute, occasionally tuberculate, apices appressed. Quercus shumardii Buckley. There are currently no active references in this article. It is in flower from April to May, and the seeds ripen in October. Quercus shumardii Buckley is an accepted species name sensu FNA Ed. [7], Quercus buckleyi was formerly known as Q. texana, but under botanical rules of priority, that name properly refers to Nuttall's oak. Philadelphia 12: … schneckii (Britton) Sarg., Schneck oak Quercus shumardii Buckley var. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind. ), Mexico (Coahuila), Tree to 8 m tall; leaves 4.5–9 × 1–2.5 cm, lanceolate to narrowly elliptic in outline, entire or with 8–10 teeth or shallow lobes, 1–9 bristles; cupule saucer-shaped, covering one-quarter to one-third of acorn; USA (Texas: Chisos Mts. Varieites include : Quercus shumardii Buckley var. Native distribution map for Quercus shumardii Map courtesty USDA NRCS PLANTS Database Creator 74 - North-Central U.S.A, Frank B. McMurry. Wells: A large tree on high ground on the south side of section 20 about 2 miles southwest of Ossian. 1918. Fruiting in the following year (USA). It is closely related to Quercus buckleyi (Texas red oak), Quercus texana (Nuttall's red oak), and Quercus … Philadelphia 12: 444 1860 publ. Vernacular names. Quercus shumardii Buckley – Shumard's oak Variety: Quercus shumardii Buckley var. USDA Hardi ness Zone 6. Comm., 1997 One of our largest trees, Shumard Oak is uncommon in North Carolina in bottomland forests, most common in areas with basic or circumneutral soil. The Shumard Oak / Buckley Oak - Quercus shumardii, is a deciduous tree that can reach heights of up to 120 feet tall in ideal growing conditions.It grows in an erect form with a single trunk that is sometimes fluted or buttressed near the base. Quercus shumardii Buckley appears in other Kew resources: IPNI - The International Plant Names Index. [4][5] It is endemic to the southern Great Plains of the United States (Oklahoma and Texas). Philadelphia 12: 444 1860 publ. Nat. Subjects Dicotyledonae McMurry, F. B Plantae Fagales Fagaceae Quercus shumardii Buckley. Image. 1860. Sci. 65: 425. Herbarium Catalogue (1 records) Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status; Bush, B.F. [1234], Tennessee: K000832309: Bibliography. Eike Jablonski (pers. Recommended citation'Quercus buckleyi' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online ( It is a highly regarded ornamental and shade tree. Description. Een eik met een aanvankelijk smalle tot uitwaaierende vaasvormige kroon die later breed en open wordt. Quercus shumardii Buckley: Common Name: SHUMARD OAK: Coefficient of Conservatism: 8 Coefficient of Wetness: -3 Wetness Index: FACW Physiognomy: Nt Tree Status: SC. Trees , deciduous, to 35 m. Bark gray-brown to dark brown, shallowly fissured with scaly or light-colored flat ridges, inner bark pinkish. chêne de Shumard COSEPAC, 2008+ Shumard oak COSEWIC; Schneck's oak Britton & Brown; Shumard's oak Fernald, 1950; swamp red oak Farrar, 1996; Synonyms. Quercus shumardiiBuckl. It is a lowland tree and grows scattered with other hardwoods on Philadelphia. Nixon 1997. Quercus shumardii — вид рослин з родини Букові (Fagaceae); поширений у Канаді й США. Quercus shumardii var. shumardii – Shumard oak Subordinate Taxa. Quercus shumardii Buckley. Quercus schneckii Britton 1901. ), Tree to 15 m tall; leaf bud scales often distinctly ciliate; mature lamina glabrous below or with minute tufts of tomentum (often detectable only with magnification) in vein axils; USA (Oklahoma, Texas), Tree 25–35 m tall; leaf bud scales usually entire; mature lamina with conspicuous tufts of tomentum (readily discernible to naked eye) in vein axils of lower surface, Cupule with thin wall (< 1.5 mm thick), deeply goblet-shaped, covering one-third to half of acorn, inner surface pubescent; USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Tennessee, Texas), Cup with thick wall (> 1.5 mm thick), saucer- or cup-shaped, covering one-quarter to one-third of acorn, inner surface glabrous or with ring of hairs around scar; Canada (Ontario), USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia). Quercus shumardii var. 1. This plant has no children Legal Status. Nat. First published in Proc. Tree to 15 m. Branchlets grey, black or reddish brown, smooth or furrowed. Swamps, often on clay soils, mostly on the Lake Erie and Lake St. Clair lakeplain. Illustration Nixon 1997; NT711. Leaves: Leaves: Fruit: Fruit: Catkins / Immature Leaves: Bark: Bark: Bark / Trunk: Fall Color / Canopy Leaves: Twig / Buds: Habitat: Moist and fertile soils of bottomlands and lower slopes, also in xeric sites over calcareous rocks (such as limestone). Quercus schneckii Britton FNA Ed. stenocarpa Laughlin : Common Name(s): Shumard's oak [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: & K. C. Nixon. The two species are interfertile, and hybrids are common along a line from Dallas to San Antonio, Texas. Quercus shumardii var. Nat. 1985. Generally the Shumard Oak is high branching with the trunk remaining branchless until the canopy. : 19418 (Download Help) Quercus shumardii var. Basionym: ** Type: TEXAS: Liberty Co.: 1 mi. Acad. 1861.: Synonyms: shumardii var. 1860. [3] This has led to much confusion.[7][8]. Quercus buckleyi is noted for its excellent autumn colours – but in the wild these differ from population to population. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. Bereikt een hoogte van circa 15 tot 20 m maar in zijn natuurlijke verspreidingsgebied komen bomen voor van 30 tot 40 m hoogte. schneckii (Britton) Sargent, Bot. Habitat Limestone ridges and slopes and along small streams between 150 and 500 m asl. schneckii (Britton) Sarg. Quercus shumardii Buckley : Details; Images (84) Synonyms (3) References (12) Subordinate Taxa; Specimens; Distributions (33) Group: Dicot Rank: species Kind: Name of a new Taxon Herbarium Placement: Lehmann, lower, D, 62 Authors: Buckley, Samuel Botsford. Q. calliprinos (NOW Q. coccifera L.) B463, S406, K83. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Indiana. Quercus buckleyi, commonly known as Texas red oak or Buckley's oak, is a species of flowering plant in the beech family. schneckii (Britt.) shumardii, Shumard oak Quercus shumardii Buckley var. For copyright and licence information, see the Licence page. Quercus shumardii Buckley, Proc. W. W. Brodovich. It is not known whether this is a genetic or an environmental phenomenon. Habitat: roadside: Collector: Charles C. Deam 61592: Date: 10/5/1941: Accession No: 56437: Image: Quercus buckleyi, commonly known as Texas red oak or Buckley's oak, is a species of flowering plant in the beech family. - 2BTX1XY from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. Dorr, L. J. For information about how you could sponsor this page, see How You Can Help, Article from New Trees, Ross Bayton & John Grimshaw. Texas red oak usually is 30 to 50 ft (9 to 15 m) tall at maturity, and seldom reaches a height of more than 75 ft (23 m). Quercus schneckii Britton : Quercus shumardii var. Quercus shumardii Buckley – Shumard's oak Subordinate Taxa. Sci. Philadelphia 12: 444. Quercus buckleyi would seem to be a useful red oak for warm, dry climates. It is endemic to the southern Great Plains of the United States (Oklahoma and Texas). Quercus shumardii is a deciduous Tree growing to 30 m (98ft 5in) at a medium rate. A site produced by the International Dendrology Society. Quercus shumardii: Author: Buckley 1860 Proc. To contact the editors: Sci. Shumard oak Quercus schneckii Britton. Just north of fence along an east and west road. Quercus buckleyi is a southern representative of the red oaks, allied to Q. shumardii, but slower growing and remaining a smaller tree, tolerant of drought and alkaline soils (Sternberg 2004). Quercus shumardii Buckley Shumard Oak. Acad. By Gordon C. Tucker, Published on 09/17/11. Sci. 2006) collected Q. buckleyi, Q. gravesii and Q. shumardii on the same visit to New Mexico in 2000; all have done well at Ettelbruck and Kruchten, but Q. gravesii has the best autumn colour and Q. shumardii has grown fastest. In autumn, the leaves turn vivid red and orange. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a … Melendrez (2000) has praised its autumnal colour, and noted the variation between deep to bright red and golden yellow in different localities in the wild. Conservation status Least Concern. A younger one (Sir Harold Hillier 563), accessioned as a seedling in 1986, is now c.6 m tall. shumardii Buckley : Quercus shumardii var. Download this stock image: Quercus shumardii Buckley. 16 Aug 2019. The record derives from WCSP (data supplied on 2012-03-23 ) which reports it as an accepted name (record 175148 ) with original publication details: Proc. A key to the group in the wild state is therefore provided below. Quercus shumardii Buckley is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Quercus (family Fagaceae ). Recommended Citation Fagaceae, Quercus shumardii, Buckley.U. Biogeographical Region: 78 - Southeastern U.S.A. Search this Collector: Lilian E. Arnold Search this E. West Search this Place: Gainesville., Florida, United States, North America Collection Date: 21 Sep 1938 Taxonomy: Plantae Dicotyledonae Fagales Fagaceae Published Name: Quercus shumardii Buckley Leaves with petioles 0.5–2 cm long; lamina entire or with 3–5 pronounced lobes or 8–10 teeth or shallow lobes; within USA, restricted to Texas, Leaves with petioles 2–6 cm long; lamina with 5–11 pronounced oblong lobes; within USA, also occurring outside Texas, Tree to 13 m tall; leaves 4.5–14 × 2–12 cm, ovate to elliptic in outline, with 3–5 acute lobes and 9–20 bristles; cupule turbinate or deeply cup-shaped, covering one-third to half of acorn; USA (Texas: Davis, Glass and Chisos Mts. 1861 . Bibliography 1 "Quercus shumardii Buckley in Flora of North America @" eFlora. Other common names are spotted oak, Schneck oak, Shumard red oak, southern red oak, and swamp red oak. Partner Smithsonian Institution. Gaz. + Expand All - Collapse Specimens and Distribution. Quercus buckleyi is a southern representative of the red oaks, allied to Q. shumardii, but slower growing and remaining a smaller tree, tolerant of drought and alkaline soils (Sternberg 2004).Melendrez (2000) has praised its autumnal colour, and noted the variation between deep to bright red and golden yellow in different localities in the wild. 12: 444.

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